Africa is an untapped continent in times of natural resources and human resources and cities in Africa currently increasing in population.
The World Bank statistics prediction disclosed that Lagos, Abuja and other major cities in Africa will experience economic growth and attract over 170 million people by 2025.
The Global Lead on Territorial Development Solutions and Lead Economist for Urban Development in Africa at the World Bank, Somik Lall, made this disclosure while presenting the Bank’s report theme tagged ‘Africa’s Cities – Opening Doors to the World’ at the ongoing conference on urbanisation reporting in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
The disclosure posits that 470 million people currently lived in urban communities across Africa continent but added that by 2025, urban communities across the continent would attract a population the current size of the population of Nigeria, 170 million people.
That by 2025, the population of urban areas on the African continent would stand at 640 million people and by 2040; over 1 billion people would be living in urban communities in Africa.
That the high growth rate of urban communities across the continent put enormous pressure on the infrastructure and the city economic, which had not been enough for the city to cater for the citizen in the host city.
The disclosure also reviewed that 50.2 per cent of people living in Ibadan were in communities that could be described as slums and faces abject poverty, lacks good facilities and shelter while the city is experiencing declined from 75 per cent in 1971 to 50.2 per cent as of the end of 2014.
Somik Lall further stated as follows: “Many sub-Saharan African cities share three characteristics that constrain economic development and growth. Two appear directly in the cities’ physical structures and spatial form.
“They are crowded with people and dwellings; and they are disconnected by a lack of transport and other infrastructure. Finally, and in part because they are disconnected, the cities are costly. Indeed, they are among the costliest cities in the world, both for firms and for households, not least because of their inefficient spatial form.
“African cities are crowded in that they are packed with people who live in unplanned and informal downtown dwellings to be near jobs. The immediate reason is that the urbanisation of people is not accompanied by an urbanisation of capital.”
It was further disclosed that cities in Africa must continue to strategies on the very best measure to cater for the growing population and provide the basic necessity for man such as portable drinking water, electricity, security of lives and property and affordable shelter.